Psychotherapy

Better help people understand how they feel. 

Types of Psychotherapy

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Behavioral Therapies
  • Psycho-education
  • Counselling

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Indication – Mild-moderate depressive illness, eating disorder, anxiety disorder, schizophrenia, and psychotic disorder. 

CBT- focus on the ‘here and now’ which relief symptoms and developing new skills. 

Below are links of a video that better explains CBT

http://www.div12.org/sites/default/files/WhatIsCognitiveBehaviorTherapy.pdf

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WhMmZJ

Behavioral Therapies

Functions on the idea that all behaviors are learned and that unhealthy behaviors can be changed. 

Types of Behavioral Therapies

  • Relaxation training- indicated for stress related and anxiety disorder. This technique causes muscle relaxation during stress and anxiety.
  • Systemic desensitization- Used for phobic anxiety disorder. Client is gradually exposed to anxiety producing situation. 
  •  Exposure and response prevention- Use for clients with OCD and phobias. Patients are repeatedly exposed to the situation that cause them anxiety.

Psycho-education

The delivery of information to people in order to help them understand and cope with their mental illness. Client’s should be informed:

  1. Name of the illness
  2. Cause of the illness
  3. What the help services can do to help them
  4. What they can do to help themselves. 

Below is a link explaining what is psychoeducation.

https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/psychotherapy

Counselling

Is a form of relieving distress and active dialogue between the counsellor and the client. This encourage active listening and advice on problem solving. 

Indication: Adjustment disorder, mild depressive illness, childhood sexual abuse ( rape, pregnancy loss, still birth)

Counselling helps individual form their own solution to their problem.  

Below is a link that better help explain more about counseling. 

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/counselling/

Class of Medications

  • Antidepressants – used to treat depression, panic disorder, PTSD, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, borderline personality disorder and eating disorders.
  • Antipsychotic medications – used to treat psychotic symptoms (delusions and hallucinations), schizophrenia, bipolar disorder.
  • Sedative and anxiolytics – used to treat anxiety and insomnia.
  • Benzodiazepine– used to induce and maintain sleep.
  • Mood stabilizers – used to treat bipolar disorder.

Below has links to better explained the class of drugs. 

https://www.mirecc.va.gov/visn22/Facts_about_Mood_Stabilizers_Veteran_and_Family_Handout.pdf

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ZHudeMho8g