Bipolar Affective disorder

What is Bipolar affective disorder- involves severe mood swings, which takes the form of depression or mania may last for several months. Bipolar disorder typically consists of three states, a high state- called mania, a low state- called depression, a well state, during which the person feels normal and functions well.

Symptoms of Mania

  • Extreme happiness for an extended period of time.
  • An abnormally increased level of irritability.
  • Overconfidence or an extremely inflated self esteem
  • Increased talkativeness
  • Decrease amount of sleep
  • Risky behaviour, such as spending sprees and impulsive sex
  • Racing thoughts, jumping quickly from one idea to another
  • Distractibility
  • Agitation or ‘jumpiness’

Treatment for Bipolar disorder

  • Medication such as mood stabilizers, benzodiazepine and second-generation antipsychotics can be used to treat bipolar disorder.
  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a popular psychotherapy used as an intervention treatment of bipolar disorder. This therapy focuses on understanding the illness, learning how to cope with changing pattern of thinking.