What are Anxiety disorders?
- Anxiety disorder is an uncomfortable feeling that occurs in response to the fear of being hurt or losing something valued or after a triggering event. Anxiety is a common human emotion. People with anxiety do everything to avoid the situation that cause worsen their symptoms. Anxiety helps us mobilize the protective resource necessary for adaptation. More than one of the follows may occur in a person with anxiety disorders:
- Always feeling nervous or worried.
- Having nightmares
- Painful memories that constantly return
- Chest pain, high blood pressure, high heart rate
- Shortness of breath
- Upset stomach, diarrhea, constipation
- Difficulty focusing
- Sweating, trembling, shaking
- Feeling faint
- Fear of dying.
Types of Anxiety disorders
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder- It usually begins in childhood or adolescence but may begin in one’s 20s. It is triggered by stress or come out of nowhere. Patient suffers from on going worry and nervousness that interfere with daily tasks. These clients are irritable, cannot sleep, complaint of aches and sweating.
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)- Only a minority of people exposed to extreme stress develop PTSD. The illness may happen to individual who survived a horrible physical or emotional event, e.g. childhood separation from parents, child physical or sexual abuse. Clients may suffer nightmares, flash back almost every day about just particular event.
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder- Obsession are unwanted thought, repetitive thoughts that lead to feelings of fear, anxiety, or guilt, such as the thought of killing someone or of being contaminated with germs. Compulsions are behaviours (frequent hand washing) or thoughts (e.g. silently counting).
- Panic Attack- is the highest level of anxiety characterized by disorganized thinking, feelings of terror and helplessness, and non-purposeful behaviour. During this intense experience, people believe they are about to die or lose control. Usually occur between the age 15- 24 years. Having a panic disorder may make clients believe that they are suffering from a heart or lung disease. Clients will avoid exercise due to their fear that could precipitate heart attacks.
- Phobias- are behavioral patterns that develop as a defense against anxiety. Avoiding a general situation other than a realistic danger is called a phobia.
- Fear of only one object or situation, it can arise after a single unpleasant experience.
- Extreme fear of social situation, such as talking in front of people, meeting new people or using public restroom.
- Extreme fear of being alone in public places when assistance maybe needed and where escape maybe difficult. People maybe fearful of leaving home.
Treatment for Anxiety
- Through both medication and counseling/therapy clients can continue to live a normal life.